Jack Russell’s, like any other canine, requires care and attention in order for them to thrive and excel during their lifetime here on this earth.
We want to help you take the best care of your Jack Russell by providing you with some product and factual information for and about your Jack Russell.
Your Jackie should visit a registered vet at least annually. This visit will ensure that your dog’s overall health is good and that there are no foreseeable issues that you may face concerning the health of your dog.
At this check your vet will perform a physical examination of your Jackie, vaccinate your dog, deworm and provide a rabies shot.
Deworming should be carried out at least every 6 months, however, can be performed at more regular intervals, namely quarterly.
Fleas and ticks
It is crucial that you control those blood sucking, skin eating parasites that will seek to make their home on your Jackie’s body. Areas to focus on are behind the ears, in the crease of the neck, in the armpit of each leg, between the toes and any other area that provides warmth for the fleas and ticks to reside.
Should you find a tick on your dog, make sure to remove it immediately by using a piece of tissue paper, twisting the tick off and then flushing it down the toilet. Ticks can be extremely resilient and can carry diseases amongst your dogs. Make sure to check them daily, especially if you are in areas that are known for these pests.
Some products that can be used are:
Oral: Bravecto that can be issued to your dog every 3 months. Most Jackies will take the chewable tablet for the size >4.5-10kg
Oral: Firstline that can be issued to your dog every 6 weeks
Topical: a powder, such as Marltons tick and flea powder for dogs, can be bought at your local vet store and can be applied after each bath, or as often as is needed.
Other products can be obtained if you visit your local vet shop or veterinarian hospital.
Especially during the summer months, your dog may be confronted with flies that will attack their ears, tummy or backside. Did you know that flies have teeth?! They will take small chunks from these sensitive areas that can cause bleeding and even infection.
A product that can be used is:
Topical: Shoo Fly. This spray product can be applied as often as necessary, and increased over time to once a week to get rid of those dreaded flies.
Food and water
A quality food is needed for a dog to stay healthy, fit and maintain a good gut. Foods that contain maize or corn are not easily digested by your dog and therefore you may encounter runny stools or an excess in stools.
Foods that contain cereals (such as rice) are a better option.
Foods that provide a balance of 20% protein and 10% fat are best (and higher) are optimal.
A good choice for growing Jackies is Mighty Max. Jock is also excellent. For puppies, Vitagen Puppy is a good choice. These are just some of the tried and tested brands that we have used. There are many options out there so choose the best option for you and your Jackie.
We divide our adult dog’s food into two feedings for the day. When they are puppies (for the first 4-6 months, we feed them 3 small meals, 3 times a day. However, if you are only able to feed your Jackie once a day, that is fine. You need to find what works best for you and your family.
Make sure that your Jackie has a constant supply of water throughout the day so that they can stay hydrated.
Just like us humans, dogs seek to be cool in the summer and warm in the winter. Make sure that you have a safe and secure place for your Jackie to reside.
If your dog is staying outside, please make sure that they have a dry place to go to during the rainy seasons and a warm shelter for the freezing winter nights. These extreme weather conditions can cause your dog sickness and even death.
Cleaning and Skin care
Depending on the environment that your dog is in, a good bath would do them well every now and then.
This is obviously completely up to you, but we advise a good bath and flea, tick and fly preventative topical applications to be performed once a week to every second week.
It is encouraged that, unless you will be breeding with your dog, your dog be sterilized. Contact your local vet for this procedure. Spaying (females) and neutering (males) can help prevent uterine infections and breast tumors in females and testicular cancer and prostrate problems in males.
Jack Russell’s are known for their pack mentality. What this means is that in hunting (snakes in particular) they work together to make a kill. This mentality will kick in when a dog fight takes place as well. What may seem like some good dog play can very quickly turn into a dog fight that can lead to serious injury and even death of one or more dogs.
Ensure that when a new dog is introduced into your home, you supervise at all times. If you notice any vicious behavior in any of your dogs, make sure that these dogs are separated to ensure that dangerous and life-threatening dog fights do not break out.
It is a good idea that you perform a physical check on your dog on a regular basis. A full inspection can be done by performing a few simple steps:
- Start with the head: check your dog’s ears to make sure they are clean and clear of any obstruction. Dogs that may be experiencing ear irritation will constantly scratch at their ears or rub their heads on the ground.
- Look within the ears of your dog to make sure that there is no puss or excess dirt build up. Use a flat cotton pad to give your dog’s ear a wipe to ensure that they are clean and clear. Should you come across some dirt in the ear, gently wipe it with a wet cotton pad. This can be done on a regular basis. If puss or sores are found within the ear, make sure to get them checked out as soon as possible.
- Open your dog’s eyes by gently lifting the lid to make sure the eyes do not have anything inside, are not turning milky in colour (which would need immediate vet examination), is not pussy and is generally healthy looking.
- The nose of your dog should be wet, but not in excess. A nose that leaks excessively could mean that your dog is suffering with allergies or worse, which may require a vet visit.
- Open your dog’s mouth to examine their teeth and gums. The gums should be a nice pink colour and the teeth should be clear and clean. Some dogs may suffer with plaque build up and so it is a good idea to provide some hard bones or other chewable products to help clean your dog’s teeth. Ask your vet to check your dog’s teeth at your annual vet visit or if you suspect unusual build up on the teeth. This may also contribute to bad breath in your dog and can be easily removed by your vet.
- Perform a general check around the ears and neck area of your dog by wiping with your hands to make sure they are clear of ticks and fleas.
- Gently proceed to feel your dog’s abdomen (tummy) with your hands. Gently press on the tummy. The dog should not squirm with pain or discomfort. The dog’s abdomen should be firm but not too hard. There should be no lumps present either.
- Observe the anus and valvar area, ensuring that no unusual discharge is exiting these areas.
- Gently check each paw of your dog by lifting each leg carefully. Make sure that the paws are clear of ticks, thorns and sores. Their toe nails should also be at a length that is comfortable for them to walk with. If your dog is struggling to walk because of long toe nails, your local vet can assist with the trimming of their nails.
- Finally check the tail to ensure that it is in good condition.
Should you have any further queries please do not hesitate to contact us.
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